Marie Donelly is one of the most important characters of the European Commission, in charge of main responsibilities into the world of energy. She reviews along this extensive interview conducted in collaboration with the Instituto Tecnológico de la Energía de Valencia (ITE) some of the most topical issues as well as global concepts on smart city.
SCASM.- Which are the minimum set of services that must be provided for a city tobecome/be considered as a Smart City?MD- Smart cities are about a holistic crosssectionalapproach.
This means that silos have to be broken up and communication/ coordination between stakeholders has to be very efficient to reach the common goal of becoming a smart city. There is no pre-defined minimum set of services but to name some that are very important one could mention: interactive, participatory city Planning well working, easily accessible information for all stakeholders energy services that allow for prosumers to become the normality intelligent multimodal traffic and space management that allows to reduce km/person and time spent commuting well interconnected poly networks
SCASC.- In many cities, most of the buildings where raised in times in which there were no concerns about energy efficiency and future technologies. Do you think that it will be possible to reform and integrate them in Smart Cities from a technical and economical point of view?
MD.- There is no plan B for this. Existing building stock is a major factor in the equation smart cities, as compared to new buildings that were built to the highes time constitute the majority of building
stock. Therefore it is very important to apply efficient free retro-fitting strategies and also increase the current rate of retrofitting from the circa 1% per year to much higher levels (in the order of 4% per year), in order to reach sets goals for 2020 and beyond.
SCASC.- Which is the key element, device, equipment or system needed for a solid development of Smart Cities? Is there something important to develop or improve for a real deployment of Smart Cities?
MD.- In addition to the answers given already in question 4: further key elements of the smart city to name just a few:
• Integrated infrastructure (energy, ICT,transport)
• Customer inside and engagement
• Smart governance
• Leadership and vision
• New business models
• Innovative public procurement
• Funding and finance
• Open data
• Common standards
SCASC.- Taking into account the foreseen massive sensor infrastructure deployment, what about big data management? Is this a main concern?
MD.- Yes, definitely big data is an important aspect of smart cities. To rephrase your question umber 12: Yes, it is obviously very important for smart cities to have proper communication protocols and standards for interoperability, cyber security and privacy.
SCASC.- In your opinion, would the new services and business models that may arise with the development of Smart Cities require the creation of new players?
MD.- Yes, there’s definitely a need for new players that can bring together stakeholders,especially when it comes to matching offer and demand for new solutions and integrated approaches.
SCASC.- What are the benefits of SmartCities for the day-a-day life of the citizens, local businessand in general for the city administration?
MD.- In general the concept of Smart cities is based on the combined integrated application of innovative, cost-effective and socially inclusive solutions to enhance quality of life in cities, while reducing their carbon footprint.The Commissions Smart Cities & Communities (SCC) initiative aims at accelerating the deployment of innovative technologies, organisational and economic solutions to significantly increase resource and energy efficiency, improve the sustainability of urban transport and drastically reduce greenhouse gas emissions in urban areas. The SCC is an industry-led initiative that is tailor-made to correspond to the intended intervention at the level of cities and communities, and to the complexity of action at the interface of the three sectors by:
Catalysing the market entry of innovative and integrated energy and transport technologies and services, and enabling ict for urban applications,. learning from tested ‘template’ solutions that help to bridge innovation gaps and • stimulate the convergence of industrial value chains in the energy, transport and ICTsectors and allow replication in cities across Europe.
Taking horizontal actions and informin policies and market-oriented measures that can validate and accelerate commercial deployment, building on, strengthening, rationalising and consolidating the current portfolio of city initiatives, thus ensuring coherence between regulatory and standardisation policies, in addition to procurement of innovation and project funding.In the day-to-day life of consumers this will mean for instance a lower energy bill, more control of consumption, higher líving comfort, less time spend for commuting,more highly integrated useful information and citizen empowerment. It will mean less air and noise pollution and all in all a more livable city.
For local business, utilities and Technology providers this means new market opportunities but also brings the urge to innovate, which in itself will make them more competitive. Administration will have more information at hand to plan better, understand the needs of all city stakeholders better, empower stakeholders and use more participatory approaches to planning.
SCASC.- Could you please provide an example of policies and actions leading to the achievement of the EU 20% target for renewable energy and energy efficiency developed by the Directorate General for Energy?
MD.- The main instruments in this field are at the Renewables directive (DIRECTIVE 2009/28/EC) and the energy efficiency directive (DIRECTIVE 2012/27/EU). They are the main drivers for the deployment of these technologies in the market. We have supported these technologies and market uptake also through our FP7 projects as well as the European Economic plan for recovery for offshore wind (565 million€).
SCASC.- Which synergiescan be found betweenthe objectives of the European Energy Efficiency Fundandthe development of Smart Cities? Which main activities and topics of work are undertaken
in this area?
MD.- The European energy efficiency fund can complement the projects on smart cities and communities through loans and technical assistance. Focus is on energy efficiency in refurbishment, smart grids, heating and cooling grids and ICT to link the components.
Biography of Marie C. Donnelly B. Sc. (Pharm), M.P.S.I., M.B.A.
1. Currently working with the European Commission, in the Directorate General for Energy as Director, New and renewable sources of energy, energy efficiency and innovation,
Responsible for: The development of the policy and actions on energy efficiency supporting the achievement of the target of 20% energy savings by 2020, including the implementation of legislative requirements for buildings, ecodesign and labelling, as well as concrete actions supporting energy saving; The development of policies and actions leading to the achievement of the EU 20% target for renewable energy (20% share of energy from renewable sources by 2020 and a 10% share of renewable energy specifically in the transport sector); Coordination of the research actions in the field of energy including the development of technologies and innovative solutions for low carbon technologies leading to their widespread market take-up (European Strategic Energy Technology Plan (SET-Plan)); Actions aiming at supporting the achievement of the 20-20-20 targets - 20 % greenhouse gases, 20 % better energy efficiency, and a 20 % share of renewables through the Program “Intelligent Energy - Europe”, in co-operation with “the executive Agency for Competitiveness and Innovation.
2. Previously was working with the European Commission, in the Employment and Social Affairs Directorate General as Director, Resources and Communication, Responsible for Management of the strategic planning and work programming of the DG, budget preparation and execution (10% of Community budget); human resource management (recruitment,deployment ad training); Responsible for the design and implementation of communication policies for both the corporate DG as well as policy areas; provision of informatic support for all activities of the DG.
3. Previously Head of units: ESF Policy, Coordination; EQUAL Community Initiative, Including Policy development and horitzontal coordination of ESF activities within DG EMPL including the establishment of policy options for the reform of the ESF and the Structural Funds; Developing a coherent policy for employment development within the European Employment Strategy, building on existing Commission initiatives and experience;
4. Earlier Head of unit within the same DG Equality for women and men,Which included Responsibility for the Community Framework Strategy,mainstreaming in all policy areas and institutions; Legislation on equal treatment and non discrimination (based on sex).
5. Earlier worked in the Directorate General for Enterprise in the area of Industrial policy in Pharmaceuticals - Human and veterinary medicinal products.
6. Immediately prior to joining the Commission, worked as Industry Group Director with the Federation of Irish Chemical Industries in Dublin, Ireland.
INSTITUTO TECNOLOGICO DE LA ENERGIA: Solutions for a Smart Energy World
The Energy Technological Institute, ITE, is an international, private, non profit association, created by business initiatives and supported by the Valencian Government through the IVACE ITE directs its projects and services towards companies and public bodies that belong to different areas of the energy sector: Smart Grids, Energy Storage and New Materials, Capital Equipment for Low, Medium and High Voltage Electrical Infrastructures. Our 15 years of experience speaks for itself. We collaborate with companies, making them more competitive, supporting them in process and product innovation, stimulating theirn modernization and diversification, always looking for the best ways to position them internationally. ITE is a Technological Centre, registered by the Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness (Nº CT 74). Our Mission is To actively contribute to the companies´ development, stimulating and facilitating technological innovation and development, providing solutions through the integration of technology, based on projects and R&D&I (Research, Development and Innovation) services, tests,technological consultancy, Technology training and diffusion.
Services and Products
• Solutions that generate business in
• the energy sector
• Consultancy and assessment
• Testing and certification services
• One of the basic pillars of ITE is
• R&D&I. The R&D&I program is
oriented to create services and to
execute strategic projects, based
on technological innovation at the
national and European level. The
different R&D&I lines of the Centre
• Energy Storage and New Materials.
• Capital Equipment for Low
and Medium Voltage Electrical
• High Energy Electric Arcs.
• Smart cities
• Mobility and Electrical Transport.
• Energy Intelligence and Social